About This Publication

In December 1815 two important events with American hemispheric significance took place in Haiti. The South American revolutionary, Simón Bolívar, arrived in Aux Cayes and sought a meeting with President Alexandre Pétion, who would eventually furnish him with both refuge and arms in his struggle for Latin American independence. Meanwhile, in the northern Kingdom of Hayti, Agoustine Franco de Médina, a French spy sent to the island by the French Minister of the Marine, was captured, interrogated, and possibly executed, as Christophe refused to strike a treaty with France that would restore colonial status to the island. Both of these events struck an important blow against European colonialism in the American hemisphere.

*Provenance: SCHOMBURG CENTER FOR RESEARCH IN BLACK CULTURE, MANUSCRIPTS, ARCHIVES AND RARE BOOKS DIVISION

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